Gouty Arthritis

Arthrite goutteuse : évaluation de l'acupuncture

1. Revues sytématiques et méta-analyses

☆☆☆ Evidence for effectiveness and a specific effect of acupuncture.
☆☆ Evidence for effectiveness of acupuncture.
Limited evidence for effectiveness of acupuncture.
Ø No evidence or insufficient evidence.

1.1. Generic Acupuncture

1.1.1. Lu 2016 ★

Lu WW, Zhang JM, Lv ZT, Chen AM. Update on the Clinical Effect of Acupuncture Therapy in Patients with Gouty Arthritis: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2016. [189444].

ObjectiveThe aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of acupuncture therapy in the treatment of acute gouty arthritis.
Methods A literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, ISI Web of Science, CENTRAL, and CNKI was conducted from the inception date of each database up to October 2015. Two investigators screened each article independently and were blinded to the findings of the other reviewer. Data was extracted according to the predetermined collection form. Meta-analysis was performed.
Results We analyzed data from 28 RCTs involving 2237 patients with gouty arthritis. Compared with conventional pharmacological treatments acupuncture was more effective in rendering patients free from symptoms after 24 hours, lowering serum urate, alleviating pain associated with gouty arthritis, and decreasing the ESR; regarding CRP, no statistically significant difference was found. In addition, the frequency of adverse events in acupuncture treatment was lower than that in control group.
ConclusionBased on the findings of our study, we cautiously suggest that acupuncture is an effective and safe therapy for patients with gouty arthritis. However, the potential beneficial effect of acupuncture might be overstated due to the methodological deficiency of included studies. High quality RCTs with larger scale are encouraged.

1.1.2. Lee 2013 ★★

Lee WB, Woo SH, Min BI, Cho SH. Acupuncture for gouty arthritis: a concise report of a systematic and meta-analysis approach. Rheumatology (Oxford).2013;52(7):1225-32.[170704].

Purpose To assess the effectiveness of acupuncture as complementary therapy for gouty arthritis from randomized controlled trials (RCTs).
Methods Five electronic databases, including English and Chinese, were systematically searched until August 2012. All RCTs involving acupuncture in combination with conventional therapy for gouty arthritis were included.
Results Ten RCTs involving 852 gouty arthritis patients were systematically reviewed. Among them six studies of 512 patients reported a significant decrease in uric acid in the treatment group compared with a control group, while two studies of 120 patients reported no significant decrease in uric acid in the treatment group compared with the control group. The remaining four studies of 380 patients reported a significant decrease in visual analogue scale score in the treatment group.
Conclusion The results of the studies included here suggest that acupuncture is efficacious as complementary therapy for gouty arthritis patients. More research and well-designed, rigorous and large clinical trials are necessary to address these issues.

1.2. Special Acupuncture Techniques

1.2.1. Liang 2021 (Combined with Herbal Medicine) ★

Liang H, Wu Y, Zhang W, Deng P, Huang FS, Du X, Chen ZJ, Ma YF. Efficacy and Safety of Acupuncture Combined with Herbal Medicine in Treating Gouty Arthritis: Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2021 Dec 30;2021:8161731. doi

Background Gouty arthritis is a common metabolic disease caused by long-term purine metabolism and elevated serum uric acid. In recent years, the incidence of gouty arthritis has been increasing year by year. As an effective method for treating gouty arthritis, acupuncture combined with herbal medicine has been widely used in clinical practice. However, the evidence for the treatment needs to be evaluated through systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods. The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, China CBM database, Clinical Trials, CNKI, China Wanfang database, and VIP information database were searched from the establishment of each database to March 2021. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included in the study, and the therapeutic effects of acupuncture combined with herbal medicine versus conventional therapy, or acupuncture combined with herbal medicine versus anti-inflammatory drugs, or acupuncture combined with herbal medicine versus acupuncture/herbal medicine alone were compared in the subjects with gouty arthritis. Two authors screened all references, assessed the risk of bias, and independently extracted the data. The binary outcome was summarized using 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and risk ratios (RRs). The overall quality of the evidence was assessed with hierarchy, and meta-analysis was performed with a random-effects model.
ResultsA total of 14 randomized controlled trials (1,065 participants, 540 treatment groups, and 525 control groups) with treatment courses of 5 to 21 days were included. Acupuncture combined with herbal medicine and acupuncture was compared in three trials, acupuncture combined with herbal medicine and conventional therapy was compared in 14 of them, and acupuncture combined with herbal medicine and anti-inflammatory drugs was compared in 8 of them. The clinical efficacy (clinical symptoms, serological tests, and visual analogue scale (VAS) results) was significantly improved in the acupuncture combined with herbal medicine treatment group (P=0.0005, 95% CI 0.03 to 0.13; 687 participants; 8 trials), and the efficacy in reducing uric acid was also better (P < 0.00001; 95% CI -102.89, -68.37; 100 participants; 2 trials; evidence with moderate quality). The effect of acupuncture combined with herbal medicine was better than that of acupuncture alone (RR 1.22, 95%CI 1.06 to 1.41; 139 participants; 3 trials), the effect of acupuncture combined with herbal medicine was better than that of herbal medicine alone (RR 1.31 95%CI 1.08 to 1.57, 100 participants, 2 trials, evidence with moderate quality), and the effect of acupuncture combined with herbal medicine was better than that of colchicine (P = 0.02, RR 1.14 95%CI 1.02 to 1.27, 2 trials, evidence with moderate quality). The incidence of adverse events was considerably different between the two groups, and the acupuncture combined with herbal medicine group was significantly superior to the control group in terms of adverse events (P < 0.00001; 95% CI (0.08 to 0.32)).
Conclusions The efficacy of acupuncture combined with herbal medicine was better than conventional drug therapy in treating gouty arthritis. The study results must be interpreted with caution due to the high or unclear risk of bias of the trials included in the study. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42020202544. INPLASY registration number: 202090006.

1.2.2. Xu 2012 (moxibustion) ★

Xu Li, Zheng Chun-Ai. [Moxibustion therapy in the treatment of gout arthritis: a systematic review]. Journal of Clinical Acupuncture and Moxibustion. 2012;28(4):46.[175112].

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of moxibustion-therapy for gout.
Methods As the requirement of EBM ,we electronically searched the CNKI, VIP, WanFang Database, SCI,MEDLINE ,from 2000. 1 to 2011.4, to obtain randomized control trails ( RCT),which compared the efficacy of moxi -therapy with western inedicine. Then evaluate the quality of the RCT ,and analyze them with Meta -analyze method.
Results Seven trials had homogeneity from randomized controlled trials of 620 cases involving seven articles about patients with gout arthritis. And Funnel Plot showed an obvious existence'publication bias.
Conclusion Compared with western medicine . moxi-therapy is more proper for gout,and the side -effect is less. However, as the quality and quanti!y of RCT searched are limited,the conclusion is not sure.

2. Clinical Practice Guidelines

⊕ positive recommendation (regardless of the level of evidence reported)
Ø negative recommendation (or lack of evidence)

2.1. American College of Physicians (ACP, USA) 2017 Ø

Qaseem A, Harris RP1, Forciea MA1; Clinical Guidelines Committee of the American College of Physicians.. Management of Acute and Recurrent Gout: A Clinical Practice Guideline From the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2017;166(1):58-68. [198008].

Evidence from 5 systematic reviews was insufficient to determine the effectiveness of traditional Chinese medicine, including herbs and acupuncture, on symptomatic outcomes.

2.2. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (ARQ, USA) 2016 Ø

Management of Gout. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (ARQ, USA). 2016. 199p. [192681]..
Diagnosis and Management of Gout: Current State of the Evidence. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. 2016:4p. [197936].

The Strength of Evidence is insufficient to support or refute the effectiveness of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM; including herbs and acupuncture) on symptomatic outcomes.